Market Updates for September 18, 2020
Dairy | Eggs
Large - No change
Medium - No change
Small - No change
Retail demand mixed. Supplies of extra large and large well balanced and held confidently. Market steady to full steady.
Dairy | Butter
Cream inventories are continuing to tighten as ice cream production starts to compete for raw material and hits it's production stride. Retail sales show signs of decline, but overall are still healthy. With restaurants reopening food service distributors are still coming back to the buying table, but orders are still below expectations.
Dairy | Cheese
Barrel - Lower
Block - Higher
The CME Block market responded to the governments release of another billion dollars in the USDA Box program. Speculators feel this will have an effect on the markets for the short term but will not be sustainable for the long term.
Meat | Pork
Production volumes continue to surpass last year. This week's increased production volume compared to last week's holiday shorten kill has neutralize wholesale prices for fresh pork. Butts are lower, loins are up, spare ribs are down, hams higher as preparation for the holiday continues.
Back rib prices are a surprise, with strong demand at retail, less boning time and retailers booking for the next year, prices remain stable at these current high levels, normally there is a price break in the fall.
Bacon continues to increase with prices up $1.25 to $1.50/cs this week and increases expected for the next 2 weeks.
There was a case of African Swine Fever in Germany, China reacted by temporarily banning German pork. This has added a level of speculation to the market.
Meat | Beef
Production has moved back to previous year levels as demand has surprisingly stayed stead. Retail ads are continuing to drive the market and foodservice has seen decent demand as well. Over the next month before we get into holiday demands, weather will be the driving factor for market prices at a retail level. Expect to see a somewhat flat market on most of the cutout through the rest of September. With the recent discovery of African swine fever in Germany, we could potently see higher pork prices which could lead into higher competing proteins such as ground beef and other cheap beef cuts. Middle meats continue to be mixed, expect ribeyes and tenderloins to be weak for most of September. Striploins and sirloins are following their normal step down for this time of year with a good chuck taken out of their value over the last week. Briskets have seen a bet of activity over the last week and could move slightly higher for the short term. End cuts are showing a bit of weakness and should stay flat for most of September. Ground beef is lower and will continue to stay lower into October.
Poultry | Chicken
There was a significant drop in the birds processed that was primarily weather related. The birds processed dropped from 173 million head to 149 Million last week. This comes just as production was getting back up to what it was the previous year. The decrease was mainly on the smaller birds, but the Jumbo bird decreased as well. Jumbo breast meat has stopped the slide downward and seemed to level off for now. The medium and select breast markets remained in good balance and also seemed to have leveled off versus the seasonal decreases that are seen this time of year. There is expected to be some increases in Foodservice demands as we see fall sports starting up, but without spectators the restaurants are hoping to capture some additional business. The Jumbo wing market continues to remain strong. The recent increase appears to be more related to the shortness of supply to due weather related challenges. The small and medium wings that had leveled off for a few weeks also appeared to be impacted by the reduced supply. Tenders also remained balanced, but there could be some potential for a little softening. I think we can expect the wings and tenders to remain tight with the impact of sports as well as the take out demand. The dark meat side finally has seen some strength with the potential for some export demand to China and leg quarters have also experienced some strength with exports starting as well as some retail features.
The Jumbo Breast Meat market has leveled off and has remained at $.93/lb. The shortness of supply seemed to hold it there and reduced the trading that was taking place below the market. The select and medium markets also remained unchanged. The select market is at $2.22/lb and medium market continues to trade at $1.61/lb which are both unchanged for a few weeks now. Line run Breast Tenders have finally come off a little and are now trading at $1.74/lb.
The market for wings continues to remain strong. The Jumbo whole wings have climbed up a $.01/lb and are now at $1.88/lb and medium have also increased $.01/lb at $2.01/lb. The small wings also took a $.01/lb increase to $2.03/lb. The expectation for wings is to remain in tight with the potential for more upside risk. We will continue to watch Foodservice with many fall sports making a change and deciding to play.
Seafood | Finfish
The supply of the big stocks of wild whitefish are set to remain stable for 2020, lifting by less than 1% according to the forecast from the Ground fish Forum in October 2019. For Pacific cod the forum forecast has the total supply at 365,000 t in 2020 down from 387,000t. Note the Gulf of Alaska is completely closed in Federal waters for this season but the Bering Sea and the Aleutian Islands are still active fisheries . Overall this has driven a decline in Canadian and US landings from 185,000t to 158,000t as well. Currently Limson has plenty of supply in the 8/16 oz size.
For Russian and Norwegian Cod Per Undercurrent News: The International Council for exploration of the Sea (ICES) has recommended that the cod catches in the Berents Seas are set at 885,600 MT in 2021. ICES advised the cod quota in the Beren's Sea for 2021 be set at a level 28% higher than the level that was advised last June for 2020 of 689, 672, MT . Currently we expect the price level to remain stable for the balance of the year . There is not a lot of inventory overseas as they are are facing strong demand in Europe, especially from the retail market and the fish & chips segment in the UK which is unusually busy currently. Fish & Chips in the UK are mostly bought from Take Aways currently, this seems to be the Out of Home meal of choice currently while the Brits are not travelling abroad and reluctant to dine in other types of restaurants or pubs.The bottom line is that Frozen at Sea fillets have not changed much in price. Demand is still very good and there is not much excess of product. Regardless of the current strong market expect prices to remain stable at this point given the global uncertainties and challenges.The 1x frozen Atl. cod loins from Canada are now being offered from the new 2020 season. Costs have been confirmed to be close to the same as last season. Canadian Cod is harvested in three general areas in northeast Canada that impact our supply. 2J 3KL (Northeast Coast).2020 total removals were recently announced at 12,350mt - same level as in 2019. However only 10,000mt was caught in 2019 which effectively means the fishermen have access to an additional 2,350mt in 2020. 3Ps (Southcoast). 2020 TAC was cut 55% from 2019. Limson's processor left 1,350mt of Canadian* fish in the water last year so the effective cut is more like 30% for Canada.* the cod quota in this area is shared between Canada (84.4%) and France (15.6%). 4RS 3Pn (West Coast) 2020 TAC is 1,000mt - same level as 2019.
Pricing has started to rise as orders for the holidays are being placed which is causing packers to negotiating for raw material. Inventory levels remain healthy.
Pricing has started to rise as orders for the holidays are being placed which is causing packers to negotiating for raw material. Have seen some shipping delays on open orders due to pandemic restrictions.
The overall Pollock supply for 2020 is expected to remain relatively stable . The forecast at the ground fish forum for the US supply of Alaskan pollock for 2020 is 1.528 million metric tons, down from 1.552 m t in 2019. Note fillet prices for larger sizes are expected to increase as supply on these sizes are more limited. As the B season resumed at the end of June, first reports are that the fish are smaller only producing 2-4 oz sized fillets. The hope is as they grow out at best to the 900 gram size, this will increase the availability of the 4/6 oz fillets. For now Limson has product and does not expect any interruption in supply. Recently in Undercurrent News: Lower production of PBO comes as some sources feel prices might come under pressure this fall due to high levels of double frozen blocks in China and the EU. The dive in FS demand due to COVID 19 has created high inv levels , meaning the gap for single frozen fillets is widening from that of the double frozen. Time will tell if this gap closes as we progress into late fall.
Inventory will remain strong through the Summer and into the fall. Will see pricing soften through the summer months until packers overseas begin to receive holiday / lent orders. Wild Pollock will increase in demand as a high-protein variant. The anticipated increase in demand has many suppliers looking to become vertically integrated to reduce costs, and gain more control over the supply chain.
Per Undercurrent News: For haddock ICES is advising the TAC be lifted 8% for 2021 to 232,537 MT relative to the advise of 215,000 MT for 2020. Norway and Russia followed Ices advise for it's 2020 quota setting it at 215,000MT. Plants overseas are currently looking to negotiate on prices as they look to get product moving.
As we progress through the summer season the landings of perch have been minimal at best. Originally there was concern that this market could crash with no demand but to date the fishing is so poor on this species they cannot catch enough to make a difference. Costs remain elevated and taking walleye with perch purchases is still an issue when they are available for sale. For now walleye is still available but costs have increased slightly on the smaller sizes and overall due to excessively warm temperatures on the lake and more limited summer harvests. The availability of smelt is limited due to an overall shortage of the product, however just this week we have been able to find a limited amount of battered. The season for smelt was supposed to have been underway but to date the fish are so small they cannot be eviscerated for sales and any offerings have been limited. Overall the volume is not significant enough to supply current demand. We are hoping to be able to obtain more product if possible but at the moment the outlook on supply is bleak Prime fishing was missed for white perch due to the virus causing there to be a shortage of the product. White perch is not expected to be available until late summer when fishing picks back up. New season whitefish is available with some softening on cost.
The European supply on euro lakefish has been more than adequate to date with no interruptions in supply . Limson is covered on all sizes at this time. Note there are reports of less inventory available overseas on the smaller 20-40 and 40-60 g perch and zander as we progress into the fall. Costs are expected to remain stable for now but if supply issues persist expect the smaller fish to rise on cost to ensure continued supply. Euro perch has increased recently due to the demand and lack of domestic perch for Food Service sales. For late summer, fall orders, we did expect a softening on cost purely due to the current exchange but that was short lived as of late with the dollar adjusting and increasing cost of goods. Note this is a lower cost option to the domestic product and eats comparatively.
Mahi Mahi has been secured from the 2019 fall season and Limson has supply on all sizes to get us until the next season resumes out of S America in the fall . Costs remain stable for an active demand in Food Service as of late. Note we have 4,6 and 8 oz portions that are vacuum packed and can be a great option for retail applications if sold as eaches. Per Urner Barry: Total frozen imports per season (Oct 2019-June 2020) registered 30 million pounds, a 42.9% increase compared to the same time frame for the previous season and is already 15% higher than the total recorded for the 2018-2019 season. It is important to note that the 2018-2019 season produced record low volumes. In fact, total production per season for 2018-2019 registered 26 million pounds, 18.75% less than the previous record low 2016-2017 season. Q2 (Apr-June) total frozen imports registered 24.6 million pounds, a 49.4% increase over Q1 which recorded 16.4 million pounds. Peru and Ecuador remain the two top producing countries of frozen mahi. YTD Imports per season from Peru (Oct 2019-June 2020) registered 13.2 million pounds, 3.6 million occurring in Q2, a 19.6% increase over Q2 2019. Peruvian imports peaked in March, outpacing their 10-year average by 33%. In addition, Q2 imports from Peru outpaced their 10-year average by 31%.
As of late costs have remained stable with a slight uptick on demand overall. Limson has plenty of supply on all offerings from steaks to saku to swordfish all in IVP packaging for retail sales as well. Vietnam – prices currently are flat. We are going into the slow catch season and COVID looks to be going into a 2nd wave. To date it has not affected workers yet, but the national Government is keeping an eye on it. There is a possibility this could cause some delays. Indonesia is still in the main season and demand remains low and since Food Service is not purchasing as much, higher end Saku from the loins are being sold as steak cuts which has prevented costs from dipping. For swordfish; Asia – Being a bycatch of Tuna, sword availability is getting even tighter and will remain this way through February. Ecuador - Catch is down and prices are firm. Per Urner Barry:Total Q2 frozen tuna fillet imports from all countries totaled 16.3 million pounds, a 31.9% decline compared to this time last year. YTD total imports registered 38 million pounds; a 14.7% decrease compared to YTD 2019; however, they are trending 42% higher than their 10-year average of 26.7 million pounds. It must be noted that 2019 marked a record year for total frozen tuna imports, registering 90 million pounds. The two largest suppliers of frozen tuna in Q2 continued to be Indonesia and Vietnam, representing 46% and 30%of the frozen market share, respectively. Q2 imports from Indonesia registered 7.6 million pounds, a 21.8% decline compared to Q2 2019. YTD imports registered 17.3 million pounds, a 9.2% decline YoY. Q2 imports for Vietnam registered 5.1 million pounds, a 43.5% decline compared to Q2 2019 and YTD imports are 27% lower YoY. As countries-initiated lockdowns to curb the spread of COVID-19, it has impacted fishing efforts, increased freighter costs, and disrupted distribution channels. Total fresh imports for Q2 registered 5.8 million pounds; a 42%decline compared to Q2 2019 and are down 29.6% YTD. Panama was the top producer of fresh tuna imports in Q2 with 2.2 million pounds; a 100% increase over Q2 2019 and is trending 208% higher than their 10-year average YTD, Panama exported 3.3 million pounds.
Vietnam feels they have the Corona virus completely under control. Since May, global markets showed some recovery signals as countries started to re-open and loosen their social distancing status. Although there is a concern of the 2nd wave of COVID-19 this fall. Raw material remains at the bottom level since February. As farmers reduced farming volume early this year due to the uncertainties caused by COVID-19. Pangasius supply is expected to be short in Q4 this year and once this happens RM price most likely will face upward pressure.
Generally prices have remained stable most of the year so far. However raw material pricing/cost was also stable up until about May. Now for the past few months you have seen an increased competition for raw material. The reasons for this are due to high demand for many months at retail. Where they prefer 2-5 oz or 3-5 oz traditionally over the larger sizes. Larger sizes tending to be preferred by restaurants. Focus by some customers and plants on producing 4 oz and below due to the tariff exclusion.This means that plants are having to pay an ever-increasing premium to secure enough raw material from the farms to meet orders. Farmers do not make much profit on smaller sizes. So they prefer to wait until the fish grow bigger before harvest. Now packers and customers need the farmers to harvest sooner to get more smaller sizes. Farmers must be incentivized to do that. Packers are competing for the farm supply. At the same time that would of course mean there’s less available of the larger sizes if farmers are having to harvest sooner. Overall import volume reports from January through June saw a 25% increase over 2019 with February being high, March very low and then April, May & June back up. This was mainly driven by the retail demand for frozen seafood. Food service demand is starting to slowly pick up, though how fast has varied by region of the country, where in the re-opening phases. Due to the overall demand in retail and pick up in food service you will see prices start to rise until demand Stabilizes.
Seafood | Shrimp
India and Indonesia have both struggled with the availability of workers and raw material along with getting Brood Stock as international flights are very limited right now. In the short term you may see some good pricing in the market as people are trying to move off old or excess inventory.This will have a larger impact come fall as this will limit the inventory availability which would cause increased pricing. Current shortages in the market are easy peel, cooked shrimp and smaller sizes on raw PD and PD tail-on as we have seen an uptick in retail and delayed shipments from overseas. Experts expect to see a drop in overall production output out of India by 30% for 2020.Ecuador has been one of the most impacted countries because of COVID. In 2019 China accounted for 61% of all Ecuador's shrimp exports. With the current complications between Ecuador and China Ecuador is faced with finding other outlets to move inventory with EU and the US being the highest probability. With India and Indonesia facing potential shortages Ecuador may be able to provide the solution on certain products.
Production out of Indonesia has been slow and steady without any major shut downs. The packers are backed up with excessive orders(for over 6 months in most cases) and most buyers have experienced extensive shipment delays causing current shrimp shortages in the US. Raw material prices there are escalating at much higher pace than in India and packers are taking major losses as order dates are back from January and February 2020. Packers are also handicapped and are not in position to take any new orders until they put some dent in their existing order book. Indonesia will continue to struggle through late 2020 when their season starts in Dec. However, they are expected to continue shipping at a steady pace.
We will see a rising market through summer and into fall as shortages continue to develop with the uptick in demand for both retail and food service. Normal harvesting has been disrupted as farmers panic harvested in March and April. Many farmers have reseeded but at 40-50% due to limited raw material. The next harvest is expected in September with a limited crop availability. Presently there is raw material available, but the cost is escalating as packers are bidding each other out in a race to fill their existing orders.
Prices have firmed due to limited supply,
The spring season started mid April to early May but was delayed due to the COVID-19 impact. Boats are being delayed as overall demand is down and cold storage is filling up. Retail continues to spike on 16/20 and 21/25 which has driven up pricing on those sizes across the market. Texas and Louisiana were just hit with a hurricane which has caused shipping delays. Packers are awaiting to evaluate the damage after the storm which may cause additional delays. The May/June production of small peeled was the lowest it has been in over 30 years, primarily due to lack of shrimping effort. The next opportunity for small peeled will be this fall with whites. Texas waters have opened up for shrimping (Mid July). The big boats that have been working off-shore La and AL have begun to come in with a mix of large white headless, brown headless, and large head-on for peeling (that would yield 31/35-61/70 peeled). Boat prices have steadily risen over the last several weeks on all raw material due to current inventory shortages, and demand from retail and the gradual opening of foodservice exceeding current supply and production. This is expected to last through August and into September.
Smaller PUDs (110-200ct) have become unavailable in the market which is driving up prices until the current season brings in new landings. We have seen a delay on production as only 35-40% of boats have gone out in recent weeks. We should see more availability come late September as the fishing in Texas waters have now been open for the past month. This will put increased pressure on the East Coast to get more boats in the water.
Domestic rock production typically starts on the Atlantic coast of Florida toward the end of July. At the moment there is no concentrated effort on rock, only small incidental catches of a few rock shrimp along with brown shrimp. It takes a long time right now to accumulate enough rock raw material to process.Targeted Domestic rock production typically runs from Late July through December. Mexican rock production in the southern gulf starts later in the year (typically November) and runs through the following spring. At the moment there is really no existing inventory of shell on or P&D rock. It will be late September before we see some availability.
Seafood | Lobster
Per Urner Barry: Lobster imports into the United States through the first six months of 2020 are 14 percent below the prior year. So far total imports stand at 51.7 million pounds compared to 60.2 million last year; that’s a 8.5 million pound shortfall created almost entirely by a decline in shipments of live lobster and lobster products from Canada. Second quarter imports of warm water lobster tails, historically the annual low point, totaled a mere 561 thousand pounds, a 32.9 percent decline from Q2 2019. Individually, shipments from the Bahamas (-40.5%), Honduras (-46.3%) and Nicaragua (-64.3%) were lower, while Brazil (+288.6%) shipped more. Year-to-date, shipments are 2.3% ahead of Jan-Jun 2019. Imports of North American lobster products from Canada were 16.1 percent lower in the quarter, and 14.3 percent YTD. Imports of cold-water lobster tails from other countries declined 48.3 percent in Q2 and 14.6 percent YTD. Shipments from all major producing countries were lower in the quarter. Other imports declined 86.8 percent in the second quarter and 49.2 percent YTD. Our quotations for Brazil origin lobster tails were reinstated in late July following their removal about two months earlier. This is a typical measure we take as we wait for the new season to develop. The market opened at levels that are roughly 20-25 percent below prior levels; a direct result of market conditions created by the COVID-19 pandemic. The market for Caribbean origin tails remains unquoted as we await meaningful trade to develop.
For N Atl Lobsters the suppliers are having a hard time knowing what will happen due to Covid. To date the Maine catch has been marginal but there are still the fall season and time to make up any lack of supply. The tail business has been strong for the small tails, ¾, 4 and 4/5 tails because the retailers have been very active. Currently there are limited amounts of the larger sizes until fishing resumes in late fall in the 6/7 , 8/10 and up range. Most expect the plants to be cautious in what they pack . If orders are not there they will limit what they process to mitigate losses. Meat costs have been steady but there is some expectation that costs could soften after the labor day holiday...but that remains to be seen due to demand. Note this last week ; The European Union will immediately eliminate its tariffs on imports of U.S. live and frozen lobster products, according to an announcement from the United States Trade Representative’s office. An agreement struck between U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer and European Union Trade Commissioner Phil Hogan on Friday, 21 August will result in the E.U. eliminating the lobster tariffs on a Most-Favored Nation basis, retroactive to 1 August, 2020. In return, the United States will reduce by 50 percent its tariffs on a variety of products including prepared meals, glassware, propellant powders, cigarette lighters, and other products collectively valued at around USD 160 million (EUR 135.7 million). The U.S. tariff reductions will also be made on a Most-Favored Nation basis and are retroactive to 1 August.
The WW tail market as for the N Atl market has decreased in demand for the Food Service sector. To date we have supply on all sizes . Note a significantly softer cost than last fall / winter as the market adjusts to the new normal Reports indicate the plants are social distancing to maintain production and that Brazil and Belize are not having any issues getting product processed. This year they seem to mirroring the N Atl Market to capture their share of the market based on cost. However... there has been increased demand in the retail sector that has driven movement. As travel, cruises etc have been limited and the big parks remain closed or limited , many have chosen to use their disposable income on what in other years has been pricy product.
Seafood | Crab
Frozen seafood sales in U.S. supermarkets have continued their rapid growth into August. Seafood Source reported that frozen seafood sales jumped 42 percent, and volume climbed 34 percent, for the week ending 23 August compared to the same week last year. ( IRI and 210 Analytics) U.S. imports of Canadian snow crab in July were up 31% to 17.391mm lbs. compare to July, 2019. At the same time average import value increased 14% in July . This increase in value indicates major repeat orders and future support even as the price went up. It's a fact that historically the U.S. receives about 80% of its total snow crab imports from Canada in May-July. Total U.S. imports from Canada for the three month period in 2020 were 10mm lbs. higher than 2019. Product has been limited since mid summer especially on large size Opilio. Snow crab prices have risen $1.00/lb on 8oz Canadian over the last month and 4% on 10 up with limited availability. Canadian snow crab prices with the exception of 5/8oz are now over 20% compared to the same period in 2019.
As we move into fall we find some of the most important king crab fisheries. The Russian Far East, Barents Sea, and then the Alaska Red king crab seasons. Russia will be harvesting over 26,000 M/t and supplying the Asia live market as well as the processed markets in Japan, Asia, and the U.S. The Alaska quota has not yet been set, but will be small in comparison and sell to premium foodservice and retail outlets in Asia and the U.S. With the closure or curtailment of most food service operations and on line ordering, seafood marketers this year have been challenged to find other ways to move the product. Not many carryout restaurants serve king crab or snow crab so retail is the market of choice. The level of support at retail supermarkets and club stores for king crab and snow crab has been remarkable. Product flew through the system and we found that 69,268,393 lbs of Canadian snow crab alone was imported during the three month period of May through July! King crab volumes of course are much lower but also gained significant support from retail. Note the Alaskan Gold Crab season is underway but have not seen offers or product in the lower 48 to date. For now costs on all sizes (Reds and Golds) have been firm and are expected to remain so through the holiday season.
Seafood | Scallops
Overall the scallops quota was cut about 15-18% versus last year (approximately 50 million pounds this year versus 59 million pounds caught last year). Landings are 30% lower this year on larger count scallops versus this time last year (10/20 and larger). Landings of 20/30 scallops are averaging mostly 28/33 (and smaller) count. While food service demand is lower this year, very high retail demand has caused boat prices to firm. 2021 Fishing quota is expected to be lower than 2020 which will increase the boat price.
China production plants are still running at reduced volume (70%) as there is still a lack of demand around the world because of the Covid-19 impact. Pricing will most likely remain soft into the fall until suppliers have placed orders for the Holidays / Lent. Once this happen we may face an upward pressure on pricing.
Seafood | Salmon
The Norwegian Salmon industry has been operating during the pandemic, and although volume is down the pricing affected the large fish (6+ Kg) the most as this was for Asian markets. The food service industry has been heavily impacted as we know, but retail business picked up a lot of this volume and as such kept harvesting and production moving. We are not sure how all the producers will be handling the summer, but plan on them shutting down plants for maintenance and limit harvesting as usual during vacation (July-August) period. With a mild winter, less harvesting in early spring we would think that we will see more volume pushed towards late summer and/or fall which normally will lead to pressure on prices, and more than the usual fall pressure. Prices are supposed to move up a bit based on FishPool, but we are not sure this will be the case as there is a large number of fish still in the water. Sea lice is becoming a bigger issue with warmer water and faster growth, so that could mean more small fish being harvested which again can affect future harvesting this fall. But the biggest question remains the exchange rate into the fall as the USD is getting weaker and weaker. Note per Undercurrent News this week: Norwegian salmon spot prices are likely to be volatile from week to week over the next month or so as harvest volumes are expected to rise year over year. Many expect the harvest profile for 2021 to be similar to 2020 with little growth the first half of the year with more fish during the second half. However supply growth next year is supposed to be negative for Chile during the second half of the year. Smolt released for harvest during the latter part of 2021 is down 26% y o y with only two more months left in the release period.
As supply has become more available a massive drop in foodservice demand as the COVID-19 pandemic widens, has prompted mass closings of bars and restaurants and caused US salmon prices to fall, not rise. While US foodservice demand for salmon had diminished some, the picture is not all gloomy, as the retail sector has been booming and has taken up some of the slack. Note however even with the issues being reported government officials do not feel that this will affect production in Chile as they have been monitoring this closely at the plant level for some time and this industry is considered to be essential. Last week we reported that the truck drivers in Chile were going on strike due to violence in the Southern regions. That was short lived as it ended Sept 2nd. As this mostly impacted the fresh market by stopping trucks from getting to Santiago for air freight, there is still some question where the market will level off after the holiday as many producers are not selling at the levels UB is currently reporting for fresh and are awaiting a new normal. If the strike would have been longer an increase in cost would have been a more sustainable response for frozen , however being so short the frozen market has not been impacted much as the biomass was not even affected.